Analysis of the threat should continue to be based on data, empirical evidence and robust intelligence, not xenophobia or fear-mongering. Retrieved September 11, Suspicion quickly fell on al-Qaeda. A prime example of such an event is the September 11 terrorist attacks, and there was indeed a great deal of speculation about whether option market activity indicated that the terrorists or their associates had traded in the days leading up to September 11 on advance knowledge of the impending attacks. The plane was believed to have been en route to the White House.
Other Local Events of Interest
The economic effects were mainly on the economy's export sectors. Also hurt were small businesses in Lower Manhattan near the World Trade Center, 18, of which were destroyed or displaced, resulting in lost jobs and their consequent wages. The September 11 attacks also led to the U. The culture of America succeeding the attacks is noted for heightened security and an increased demand thereof, as well as paranoia and anxiety regarding future terrorist attacks that includes most of the nation.
Psychologists have also confirmed that there has been an increased amount of national anxiety in commercial air travel. As a result of the attacks, many governments across the world passed legislation to combat terrorism. The first removed legal loopholes that permitted terrorists to live and raise money in Germany. The second addressed the effectiveness and communication of intelligence and law enforcement. The USA Patriot Act gave the federal government greater powers, including the authority to detain foreign terror suspects for a week without charge, to monitor telephone communications, e-mail, and Internet use by terror suspects, and to prosecute suspected terrorists without time restrictions.
The FAA ordered that airplane cockpits be reinforced to prevent terrorists gaining control of planes, and assigned sky marshals to flights. Further, the Aviation and Transportation Security Act made the federal government, rather than airports, responsible for airport security. The law created the Transportation Security Administration to inspect passengers and luggage, causing long delays and concern over passenger privacy.
At its height, more than half of the FBI's agents worked on the investigation and followed a half-million leads. Atta had been forced to check two of his three bags due to space limitations on the seat commuter flight he took to Boston.
Due to a new policy instituted to prevent flight delays, the luggage failed to make it aboard American Airlines Flight 11 as planned. The luggage contained the hijackers' names, assignments, and al-Qaeda connections. By midday, the U. National Security Agency and German intelligence agencies had intercepted communications pointing to Osama bin Laden.
Intercepts were also obtained that revealed conversations that took place days before September 11 between bin Laden and an associate in Pakistan. In those conversations, the two referred to "an incident that would take place in America on, or around, September 11" and they discussed potential repercussions. In another conversation with an associate in Afghanistan , bin Laden discussed the "scale and effects of a forthcoming operation. The FBI did not record the 2, deaths from the attacks in their annual violent crime index for In a disclaimer, the FBI stated that "the number of deaths is so great that combining it with the traditional crime statistics will have an outlier effect that falsely skews all types of measurements in the Program's analyses.
In September , the Congress passed the Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act that would allow relatives of victims of the September 11 attacks to sue Saudi Arabia for its government's alleged role in the attacks.
Hamilton , was formed in late to prepare a thorough account of the circumstances surrounding the attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response to the attacks. The investigations examined why the buildings collapsed and what fire protection measures were in place, and evaluated how fire protection systems might be improved in future construction.
NIST found that the fireproofing on the Twin Towers' steel infrastructures was blown off by the initial impact of the planes and that, had this not occurred, the towers likely would have remained standing. The director of the original investigation stated that "the towers really did amazingly well. The terrorist aircraft didn't bring the buildings down; it was the fire which followed.
It was proven that you could take out two-thirds of the columns in a tower and the building would still stand. The sagging floors pulled on the exterior steel columns causing the exterior columns to bow inward. With the damage to the core columns, the buckling exterior columns could no longer support the buildings, causing them to collapse.
Additionally, the report found the towers' stairwells were not adequately reinforced to provide adequate emergency escape for people above the impact zones. We're going to come out of this stronger than before, politically stronger, economically stronger. The skyline will be made whole again.
The damaged section of the Pentagon was rebuilt and occupied within a year of the attacks. On the World Trade Center site, three more office towers are expected to be built one block east of where the original towers stood. Construction has begun on all three of these towers. In the days immediately following the attacks, many memorials and vigils were held around the world, and photographs of the dead and missing were posted around Ground Zero.
A witness described being unable to "get away from faces of innocent victims who were killed. Their pictures are everywhere, on phone booths, street lights, walls of subway stations. Everything reminded me of a huge funeral, people quiet and sad, but also very nice. Before, New York gave me a cold feeling; now people were reaching out to help each other.
One of the first memorials was the Tribute in Light , an installation of 88 searchlights at the footprints of the World Trade Center towers. In Arlington County, The Pentagon Memorial was completed and opened to the public on the seventh anniversary of the attacks in In Shanksville, a concrete and glass visitor center was opened on September 10, ,  situated on a hill overlooking the crash site and the white marble Wall of Names.
Scholarships and charities have been established by the victims' families, and by many other organizations and private figures. On every anniversary, in New York City, the names of the victims who died there are read out against a background of somber music. The President of the United States attends a memorial service at the Pentagon,  and asks Americans to observe Patriot Day with a moment of silence.
Smaller services are held in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, which are usually attended by the President's spouse. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the date September 11, see September For the date November 9, see November 9. For the emergency number, see New York City, U. Capitol UA 93 ; failed. Aircraft hijackings Suicide attacks Mass murder Terrorism. Al-Qaeda  see also responsibility and hijackers.
Trials related to the September 11 attacks. Motives for the September 11 attacks. Planning of the September 11 attacks. Timeline for the day of the September 11 attacks. Casualties of the September 11 attacks and Emergency workers killed in the September 11 attacks. Collapse of the World Trade Center. Rescue and recovery effort after the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center.
Aftermath of the September 11 attacks , Airport security repercussions due to the September 11 attacks , Closings and cancellations following the September 11 attacks , Reactions to the September 11 attacks , U. Statement by President Bush in his Address to the Nation. Bush's address to the people of the United States, September 11, , 8: During a speech to a joint session of Congress, President George W. Bush pledges "to defend freedom against terrorism", September 20, audio only.
Reactions to the September 11 attacks. Health effects arising from the September 11 attacks. Economic effects arising from the September 11 attacks. Memorials and services for the September 11 attacks. The slash is not part of the pronunciation.
The name is frequently used in British English as well as in American English, even though the dating conventions differ. Retrieved September 1, Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden appeared in a new message aired on an Arabic TV station Friday night, for the first time claiming direct responsibility for the attacks against the United States. The Globalization of Martyrdom: Al Qaeda's New Front". Retrieved October 18, Signalling and the Terrorist World-View Reprint ed.
Institute for the Analysis of Global Security. Retrieved April 30, Morgan August 4, The Day that Changed Everything? Retrieved April 9, One World Trade Center.
Archived from the original on September 4, Retrieved September 11, Retrieved November 4, Retrieved September 3, Archived from the original on October 31, Retrieved May 29, Archived from the original on November 28, Archived from the original on June 13, Attacks 'benefited Islam greatly ' ".
Archived from the original on December 27, Retrieved November 24, Reveling in the details of the fatal attacks, bin Laden brags in Arabic that he knew about them beforehand and says the destruction went beyond his hopes. He says the attacks "benefited Islam greatly".
Bin Laden video excerpts". Bin Laden tape obtained in Pakistan". Archived from the original on October 13, Archived from the original on May 26, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved September 10, The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 23, Yosri Fouda of the Arabic television channel al-Jazeera is the only journalist to have interviewed Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the al-Qaeda military commander arrested at the weekend. Here he describes the two-day encounter with him and his fellow organiser of September 11, Ramzi bin al- Shibh: Khalid responded with little fanfare: And yes, we did it.
Archived from the original on April 17, Retrieved April 10, Archived from the original on January 1, Kushner , p. Murdico , p. Kelley , p. Ibrahim , p. Berner , p.
Yusufzai, Rahimullah September 26, Archived from the original on January 19, The Wall Street Journal. World Islamic Front Statement". Federation of American Scientists. The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism. Retrieved August 24, Quoted from "Bin Laden: A Philosophical Examination of Globalization, Terror. During the past three centuries, according to this interpretation, the Islamic world has lost its dominance and its position of leadership in the world, and has fallen behind both the modern West and the rapidly modernizing Orient.
The resulting widening gap poses increasingly severe problems, both practical and emotional, for which the rulers, thinkers, and rebels of Islam have not yet found effective answers. Retrieved June 26, Doran argues the Osama bin Laden videos attempt to provoke a visceral reaction in the Middle East and ensure that Muslim citizens would react as violently as possible to an increase in U. Retrieved December 5, Reprinted in Hoge, James F.
Understanding the War on Terror. Bergen , p. Skies, Plot Leader Met bin Laden". El País in Spanish. The National Security Archive. Retrieved March 14, Archived from the original on March 12, National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved November 12, Retrieved November 11, Retrieved September 21, Let's roll ' ". Summers and Swan , pp. Wilgoren, Jodi and Edward Wong September 13, Hijackers may have had utility knives".
Retrieved January 24, Retrieved April 4, Archived from the original on July 22, Retrieved September 2, A chronology of chaos". No one was sure if hijackers were on board". Retrieved November 13, A total of 2, people died: Archived from the original on September 24, A Demographic Portrait of the Victims in ".
Archived from the original on April 11, Retrieved March 18, Retrieved June 6, Retrieved September 8, Retrieved April 16, Security and Loss Prevention: An Introduction 5th ed. He also shows, in detail, the role and significance of the attacks of September 11, ; how they help to bring forth the New World Order. Jordan Maxwell has spent 44 years studying conspiracy and the occult. In the video, Inner World of the Occult, Maxwell delves deeply into the occultic forces What were the conditions in and around Ground Zero following the attack, and how did officials respond?
Session one of "Lifting the fog: In response to the extreme pressures of forcing reality to conform to manufactured delusions, the group and its members become increasingly submerged within a pre-conscious field of hysteria, denials and projections. In the case of and the Wars, the shadow subject of the ruling group-mind and its executive vector propelled two war criminal invasions of other societies A moving memorial in observance of the five year anniversary of the September 11th attacks.
This video tells the story of September 11, through fire and ambulance radio calls, the call of a trapped World Trade Center worker, and the lens of local resident who saw an explosion while walking to work. Berlin-based journalist and writer Matthias Broeckers is the author of two best-selling books in Germany: Conspiracy, Conspiracy Theories, and the Secrets of , and the more recent book Facts, Forgeries and the Suppressed Evidence of Toronto, May , , Broecker's topic was "Welcome to Brainwashington.
We shouldnt need to ask these questions, we should know the truth. This film highlights the strong possibility that the Twin Towers and Building 7 might have been brought down, not by fire, but by controlled demolition. This is the high quality mb version. For the much faster loading mb version visit http: With the ongoing controversy over the federal probe into the September 11 terrorist attacks, GNN decided to pre-empt the government and produce its own version of a 'truth commission' with: You can read more about their documentary on their website; Forth and final session of "Lifting the fog: What conclusions can be made about the destruction of the World Trade Center using science, and what are the implications?
A ten minute summary from each panel member followed by questions from the audience. Griffin lucidly synthesized the reporting by a great many people we at Snowshoefilms Sierra Club Chronicles captures the extraordinary efforts of ordinary people across America. Ranchers in New Mexico, emergency medial technicians in New York City, fishermen in Alaska, neighbors of a chemical plant in Mississippi, all are united in common cause - the fight to protect their families, communities and the lands and livelihoods they love from pollution, corporate greed and short-sighted government policies.
In the planetary struggle to protect the environment, we often forget that What We Saw", by Bob and Bri, http: Concludes that high explosives were instrumental in the structural failure of the Tower. Scholarship and Research; nonprofit educational purposes. On Wednesday, February 1 Dr. BYU Physics Dr. Steven Jones Brigham Young February presentation towers. Footage taken from the skies as presented by international news.
This video takes us back to the morning of the attacks and watches as Bush sits in a classroom and reads a book about goats. Why did he just sit there? Also features more rare video clips that have surfaced from that tragic day when America was attacked. Killing terrorists is not the same as eradicating terrorism. Who decided to go Additional footage of the skies. Veteran activist Schoenman, referencing public documents and mainstream reports, outlines the Israeli government role in He notes also the Âlimits of liberalismÂ exemplified by resistance to confronting the implications of Schoenman uses a Jesuit phrase, Âinvincible ignorance,Â to describe the condition.
Schoenman has been in the forefront of the worldÂs most important issues since his days as Bertrand RussellÂs private secretary in With Mya Shone, Schoenman hosts Taking Investigative journalist and author Ft. Worth , explains why Bush had to win the election: Marrs says the program would have been more or less the same following Finally, traders making markets in the options did not raise the ask price at the time the orders arrived as they would have if they believed that the orders were based on adverse nonpublic information: However, he then devises a statistical model, which he suggests is consistent with foreknowledge after all: Conclusion Options traders, corporate managers, security analysts, exchange officials, regulators, prosecutors, policy makers, and—at times—the public at large have an interest in knowing whether unusual option trading has occurred around certain events.
A prime example of such an event is the September 11 terrorist attacks, and there was indeed a great deal of speculation about whether option market activity indicated that the terrorists or their associates had traded in the days leading up to September 11 on advance knowledge of the impending attacks. This speculation, however, took place in the absence of an understanding of the relevant characteristics of option market trading.
This paper begins by developing systematic information about the distribution of option market activity. It constructs benchmark distributions for option market volume statistics that measure in different ways the extent to which non—market maker volume establishes option market positions that will be profitable if the underlying stock price rises or falls in value.
The distributions of these statistics are calculated both unconditionally and when conditioning on the overall level of option activity on the underlying stock, the return and trading volume on the underlying stock, and the return on the overall market. The option market volume ratios considered do not provide evidence of unusual option market trading in the days leading up to September The volume ratios, however, are constructed out of long and short put volume and long and short call volume; simply buying puts would have been the most straightforward way for someone to have traded in the option market on foreknowledge of the attacks.
A measure of abnormal long put volume was also examined and seen to be at abnormally high levels in the days leading up to the attacks. Consequently, the paper concludes that there is evidence of unusual option market activity in the days leading up to September 11 that is consistent with investors trading on advance knowledge of the attacks.